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The Castania cave near Agios Andreas church, rich in density and variety of shapes, colors and forms, is ranked second in its kind in Europe.
Early in the last century shepherd Costas Stivaktas watched bees entering a small hole looking for water. This fact led him to open a slit in the ground in order to discover that water source; soon he faced a uniquely beautiful cave. Since then, he and his descendants used to enter the cave, in order to get water from a small trough. This went on until 1958, when the cave became widely known and the local authorities became responsible for the day-to-day maintenance and touristic development.
Three million years took nature to create the unrivaled stone decoration, objects’ shape constructing a fantastic different universe. Among the huge red and white “waterfalls”, the gigantic columns, the “curtains” and the “sheet” that overflow like waxworks from the roof, the visitor can see “octopuses” and “corals”, “elephants” and “mushrooms”, “birds” and caricatures, “exotic plants” and monumental creatures.
Rare instances such as trays, flat stalagmites, eccentrics and eliktites have a special place in the cave and are important tour stops; with a little luck, you might also encounter a noble cave resident, the blind and deaf Dolichopoda.
In the wider cave area formations like alpine sections “phyllite – Quartzite” and “Tripoli” have a dominant presence. Inside the cave Jurassic age (195-145 million years ago) limestone formations appeared 3 million years ago during the cave genesis; after various geological disturbances an active period followed with flow dropping and chemical sediments creation. The cave decoration consisted of calcium carbonate in crystalline form enriched with metal oxides of the subsoil which gave the place a seven color palette.
The cave extents 1500 sq., divided in two levels and the visitor follows a 500m path. The internal works providing accessibility and visitation were completed in absolute harmony with the natural environment and were characterized by the Greek Paleoanthropology Ephorate – Speleology as “excellent to the smallest detail”.
The trip from Neapolis and the cave environment is an exceptional experience; verdant mountain slopes that face the Epidilion and cape Kamila, picturesque villages with gurgling fountains and Byzantine churches, medieval towers, canyons with old watermills, myths, legends, ancient heritage and the big blue Mytroon sea compose this unique place. In the cave courtyard one can relax at the warm and cozy café or just visit the nearby old church of Agios Andreas scarred from the passages of pirates and conquerors, from which the cave took its name.
For group visits (Clubs, Schools, etc.) or for more information please call at:
- +30 27343 60100,
- +30 27343 60115,
- +30 6947437515 mobile (Ms. Lampiri).
Tours hourly. Guiding time 30-40 minutes.